Native Warm-Season Grasses for Mid-South Forage Production
Native warm-season grasses are a group of tall-growing bunch grasses that offer the potential for excellent forage production across the Mid-South. They have a number of key attributes that make them of interest to forage growers in the region.
Establishing Native Warm-season Grasses for Livestock Forage in the Mid-South
Planting native warm-season grasses is different than planting many of the other crops or forage species you may have worked with in the past. Their small seeds, slow germination and small seedlings that are vulnerable to competition present a number of challenges for establishment.
Grazing Native Warm-Season Grasses in the Mid-South
Native warm-season grasses can be a valuable tool for Mid-South forage producers and complement existing cool-season forages. They can provide large volumes of high-quality forage, produce excellent gains and provide considerable protection against drought. They require minimal fertilizer or lime to sustain productivity, and have few known insect or disease pests. On the other hand, they require closer management of stocking to capture their potential and prevent weakening.
Producing Hay from Native Warm-Season Grasses in the Mid-South
Native warm-season grasses are those that have grown in an area prior to human settlement and were not brought in more recently from other parts of the world. Such grasses are naturally well-adapted to the region's soils, climate and the insects and diseases that may also occur naturally in the area. This publication will focus on five species that are important for forage production: big and little bluestem, indiangrass, switchgrass and eastern gamagrass.
Economic Implications of Growing Native Warm-Season Grasses for Forage in the Mid-South
As many Tennessee producers are aware, cool-season grasses, such as tall fescue and orchardgrass, suffer from poor forage production during the summer months. This has led to the search for cost-effective alternatives to bridge this summer "forage slump." Many of their attributes, such as being native, long-lasting and having low input requirements, make them well worth considering.
Grasses in Wildlife and Forage Production
Forage production in the mid-south with identification, establishment, management, planting advice, harvest information, and forage crop diversification as a biofuel and wildlife refuge.
Grasses in the Mid-South
A landowners guide to native warm-season grasses are grasses historically native to an area that grow during the warm months of the year and are dormant during autumn and winter.